Women account for just 22% of directors of scripted shows across Europe, a study has found.
The European audiovisual Observatory, which tracked European TV production from 2015 to 2021, found just a 5% improvement over the six-year period.
Similarly, 37% of 2021 productions were written solely by women, a 4% increase on 2015.
The report weighed its findings to reflect the reality that women are less likely to be the sole director on a project.
Only 21% of the scripted TV episodes studied were helmed by female-led directing teams –defined as at least 60% female - in 2021, and 27% by female-led writing teams.
While women made up 44% of producers in 2021, no category showed gender parity.
The report covered scripted TV produced in the EU27 countires, plus the UK, first broadcast on more than 130 TV channels or their related SVoD services over the period.
In all, it mapped more than 490,000 production credits across directors, writers, lead roles, producers, cinematographers and composers.